The verdant Valle de Viñales is located at the Serra de los Oreganos, in the Viñales National Park.

And is a World Heritage Site since 1999.

It is part of the province of Pinar del Río, in the western area of the island of Cuba and occupies an area of 132 km2.

In Valle de Viñales there are limestone rock formations called mogotes (antlers; rounded hills that can reach up to 300 meters), countless caverns and underground rivers. The most known mogote is the one upon which is located the Mural de La Prehistoria, an enormous fresco of the Cuban painter Leovigildo González Morillo (a pupil of the famous Diego Rivera), a painting which represents the history of evolution, honoring the site’s oldest inhabitants. The Mural is 120-meters wide and was concluded in a 4-year period.

The most famous cavern is La Cueva del Indio, which was discovered in 1920 by a peasant.

In its interior there are archeological vestiges of pre-Colombian cultures.

In addition to the aforementioned rock formations, you can still find at the Valle de Viñales an exuberant blast of green and countless tobacco plantations. Actually, it is said that the best Cuban cigars are made in this area. The traditional cultivation technique has been resisting the changes of time.

In order to know all the plantation’s handmade process, including the procedure of harvesting and drying tobacco leaves, the best option of all would be to visit one of the many farms there. With a bit luck you may try a “pure” one. A cigar is called “pure” when it’s completely natural.

I’ve visited them and I’ve learned that tobacco is fermented in a solution that may comprise several ingredients, depending on the family’s given taste. Hence, the cigars differ from each other.

One has also to underline the Village of Viñales, with its wooden colonial style houses.

When I was in Cuba I’ve visited this Valle and I’ve loved it. The landscape is gorgeous, absolutely breathtaking. In the Valle you can find an original culture, one with enormous natural beauty and an important historical and cultural past. If you visit Cuba, don’t miss it.

I recommend you to read on TrinidadHavana and on Cuban music.