The city of New York is known as the Big Apple.

That designation came to surface for the first time in a critique of the wealth distribution in the USA.

In 1909, the writer Edward S. Martin published the book “The Wayfarer in New York”. In the work’s introduction, the author states the following:

“New York is merely one of the fruits of the great tree whose roots go down in the Mississippi Valley, and whose branches spread from one ocean to the other, but the tree has no great degree of affection f­or its fruit. It inclines to think that the big apple gets a disproportionate share of the national sap.”

The book states that New York is merely one of the fruits of a major tree and that the city was benefiting from a disproportionate share of the national sap flow, in other words the nation’s wealth.

In the early 20s, the world “apple” was used as a reference to the prize won in horse racing, since these animals tend to love apples. The races held in the city of New York were known as the Big Apple, due to its larger prize money.

The journalist John J. Fitz Gerald baptized his own sports column in the newspaper New York Morning Telegraph with the name “Around The Big Apple”. He mentioned that there was only one Big Apple – New York. The place where the journalist lived was named Big Apple Corner. It’s the corner of the 54th street with Broadway.

A couple of years later, some jazz musicians also adopted the expression when referring to New York. There was a famous saying which went: “There are many apples on the tree, but only one Big Apple”. All musicians aimed to achieve success in Harlem, the jazz’s world capital. Harlem is a neighborhood in the northern area of the island of Manhattan.

More recently, in 1971, the New York government launched a campaign to foster tourism. A red apple and the expression Big Apple were both used, in order to depict a pleasant portray.

Since then, New York is known as the Big Apple.