The city of Jodhpur is one of the oldest of Rajasthan, a state located in northern India.

It is known as the blue city, since its houses have their walls painted with that color.

When Jodhpur and Jaipur were at war, the Maharajah asked not to attack the Brahmins of Jodhpur. The army of Jaipur accepted such request and, in order to do so, said that the houses where the priests lived needed to be identified. And, because of that, the houses were painted blue. The reason for that color may be related to Shiva’s blue skin.

Over time, even the houses that were not inhabited by Brahmins, were painted blue as well, as the other inhabitants didn’t want to be attacked during the war. On the other hand, painting the house blue is a way to show that the inhabitants worship Shiva.

It is also said that the blue color is good to ward off mosquitoes and keep the houses cooler during the hot summer months. After all, the city is located in the middle of the Thar Desert.

The houses are painted blue even today, but the vegetable dye was replaced by a synthetic one.

In order to have a panoramic view over the long blue spot that comprises all houses in Jodhpur, the best thing to do is to visit the Mehrangarh fort, the state’s biggest. In it, a room fully ornamented with gold and mirrors stands out.  This was the place where the Maharajah held private audiences.

It’s a city worth visiting. The Fort and the blue houses are really worth it.

I recommend you to read my articles “The caste systems in India” and “Hinduism and its gods” in order to know who Shiva is.

Do you that there is a blue city in Morocco as well? I’ll dedicate an article to it when I speak about this country (which I love).