In this article I’m going to approach aspects related to the political organization, geography and the languages that exist in the Republic of India.

Political Organization

India is organized as a union territory, 29 areas are designated as states, which have their own government, and 7 territories are directly run by the federal government. The linguistic and cultural barriers of the inhabitants were the ones that helped to trace the existing subdivisions in the country.

Geography

The country is located in south-central Asia and is one of the most populous in the world. It has a vast landscape diversity, which varies between the Indo-Gangetic Plain at the foothills of the Himalayas, the Thar Desert in the western part of the country and the extensive Deccan Plateau, bounded by 3 mountain ranges.

Given its different vegetation, and taking into account the monsoons as well, the climate is quite varied. There are tropical dry forests, tropical moist forests and deserts. The first kind, the tropical dry forests, are the most common.

The 3 main rivers in India are the Ganges, considered sacred by the Hindu population, the Brahmaputra, its affluent, and the Indus River.

Languages

Hindi is the official language and English is widely spoken at national level and there are other 22 languages officially acknowledge at state level. In addition to that, there are 400 other languages and dialects deriving from 2 language families. These are the Indo-Aryan and the Dravidian languages.

The Dravidian languages, such as the Tamil and the Malayalam, are mainly spoken in the south of India. As for the Indo-Aryan languages, in which Sanskrit is a subdivision, they are spoken in the central and northern parts. This language, the Sanskrit, influenced almost all the Western languages.

I stress out as well that Portuguese is one of the most popular languages in India.

India was without a doubt the trip of my life. It was a mystical and super fascinating experience. I’ll write a few articles about, specifically on religion and castes, and also about the spots that I visited.

I spend some time there in 2009 with a great friend of mine. We were in the capital and also in Jaipur, Jodhpur, Agra, Varanasi and Sarnath.