Copacabana is a neighborhood located in the south of the city of Rio de Janeiro.

Its beach and promenade comprise one of the most well-known sites in the world, full of Cariocas, Brazilian people from other parts of the country and tourists from abroad.

The beach extends itself for 3 km and has a really wide area of sand. There, several sport and musical events are held, many sports are practiced such as volleyball and beach soccer, people walk, jog and talk. It’s always crowded, both day and night.

Throughout the walk that outlines the beach, in the promenade, there is a bike lane and several kiosks. It’s rather common to see Cariocas drinking coconut water, beer or just having a snack while walking or riding the bicycle.

The promenade’s pattern in something worth mentioning.

It has an extension of 4,15 km, the promenade is globally known and is immediately associated with Rio de Janeiro.

In 1905, the Mayor Pereira Passos began the construction of Avenida Atlântica, where Copacabana beach is located. The Mayor studied in Europe, where he was influenced by the European art. He intended to modernize the city of Rio de Janeiro, building wide avenues in it.

The idea of introducing the Portuguese pavement was put into practice during this Mayor’s administration. A group of Portuguese paviors was hired and the stones that’d later be used in the pavement were imported. The paviors are professional workers dedicated to laying the pavement.

The pattern which one can find in Copacabana’s promenade was inspired by the one of Rossio, a square in Lisbon’s heart. In Portugal, tiles were used in pavements and squares since 1842.

When, in 1906, the pavement was laid, the pattern was less curvilinear and developed itself in a perpendicular way to the beach. In the 30s, part of the promenade was destructed and the repair works changed the pattern, with it becoming parallel to the beach.

But it was only in the 70s, when the sand strip was expanded and the tracks were enlarged, that the size of the waves was magnified to match the width of the new promenade. The landscaper Roberto Burle Max was its author.

The Portuguese stones became a tradition in Rio de Janeiro, with new designs being born in the pavements of Ipanema and Leblon.

Click here to know the origin of the name Rio de Janeiro and the expression Carioca.