Cristo Redentor (Christ the Redeemer) is located in the heart of Rio de Janeiro, in the hill of Corcovado.

It’s the most popular Brazilian depiction in the whole world. In 2007 it was elected as one of the 7 Wonders of the Modern World.

The hill of Corcovado is a mountain that raises itself 704 meters above sea level. It’s comprised within the Tijuca National Park, which hosts a 3200-hectar forest planted by Man. The reforestation happened after the area was explored and blazed for logging and for the coffee plantations.

One can get to Christ the Redeemer by using a van, a train or by foot, taking advantage of an established route. The journey, no matter what, is a marvelous one, but the train is the most traditional mean.

The railway was inaugurated by the king of Portugal D. Pedro II in the year of 1884 and it has a length of 3824 meters, extending itself in a very steep terrain. First, a steam traction engine was used and, after several changes, electricity was adopted. At the time, thousands of visitors went there to sightsee the city.

Initially, the construction of a statue aimed to be pay an homage to Brazil’s regent princess, but it didn’t happen that way. Later, with the intervention of a Catholic group of Rio de Janeiro, some projects surfaced envisioning a statue of Christ, reaching the image that one can currently see. The image with the arms wide open is a symbol of peace.

The engineer Heitor Silva Costa was the one held accountable for the statue’s project and its sculptor was Paul Landowski. George Leonida was responsible for its face.

The train was used, for 4 years, to take to the statue’s pieces to the top of the Hill. The 1st foundation stone was placed in 1922 and it took 5 years to be built, being inaugurated in 1931. The Christ the Redeemer is 38 meters tall and has around 1100 tons of weight.

There are so many reasons to visit Rio de Janeiro.

The city is truly wonderful. Christ the Redeemer, the world’s biggest art deco statue, is one of them. Go there to see the statue and the breathtaking view you can get from the hill of Corcovado. There, you can see Pão de Açúcar and the glorious beaches of Ipanema and Copacabana.

Read as well these 2 articles that explain the origin of the name of Rio de Janeiro and the name cariocas.