The Amber Fort is located about 11 km of Jaipur, which is the capital of the Indian state of Rajasthan.

Rajasthan became known for the opulence of his rajahs and maharajahs.

Before obtaining the independence from the British (in 1947), India consisted of about 600 states. Each state had a raja, who was a king, and the states were gathered in kingdoms that were headed by Maharajahs, the great kings.

In 1037, the region of Amber was conquered by the tribe Rajasthani Kachhawaha, which then built several forts and palaces. Many years later, in 1592, the rajah Man Singh I started to build Amber Fort upon the ruins of an ancient fort dating from the eleventh century.

Expansion and renovation works were performed in the fort in 1617, conducted by Mirja Raja Jai Sing.  At the end of the work, a gorgeous blend of Hindu and Mughal architecture was produced.

Since it was built, the palace which is inside the Amber Fort was the home of Kachhawaha kings and their families, which lived there until 1727, the year when Jaipur became the capital.

After the completion of all construction works, the Fort ended up with 4 sections:

Aleb Chowk

It’s the main area and the first that is seen by those who enter the main gate, the sun gate. You can access the palace’s main area from this patio. A small temple dedicated to Sila Devi should be highlighted.

Diwan-e-Aam

The place where public hearings were held. It’s a beautiful lounge with a double row comprised of columns, each column stands on an elephant-like capital.

Diwan-e-Khas

It was the private area for kings and their families and you can access it through Ganesh gate. This is where you can find:

  • Sheesh Mahal, the Hall of Mirrors. In this area, the interior walls and the room ceilings are covered with mirrors and glasses. The placement of such elements allowed seeing thousands of stars using only the light of 2 candles. It is said that the hall of mirrors was built because the queen couldn’t sleep outdoors in order to watch the stars (and she could do so in this room) and also because the king occupied this area during the winter, as it was a warmer site;
  • Sukh Niwas: the Hall of Pleasure, which had a cooling system, related to the breezes that emerged from the running water.

Zenana

An area reserved for women, those who belonged to the royal family, the king’s wives and his concubines. The rooms were designed in a way that allowed the king to visit the wives and concubines, without anyone knowing who his favorite was.

It is one of the most visited monuments in India and was one the most beautiful places I’ve visited there. I witness a small glimpse of what must have been the life of Indian royalty.